Category Archives: Kaviraju Tripuraneni Ramaswamy

The Sage

Do you know the only family in India that has two postage stamps to its credit?
The Indira Gandhi family.
Mother and son.
Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi.
Are there any other families that can claim that uniqueness?
Yes, only one.
That is the Tripuraneni family.
Father and the son.
Tripuraneni Ramaswamy and Tripuraneni Gopichand.
OK.
But who made it possible?  Who brought that uniqueness to Andhra Pradesh?
It is not a commitee, it is not an institution, it is not a party, it is not a society, it is not a trust.
It is one man.
To be more precise a sage.
I am privileged to know this sage.
I am privileged to have this sage’s love and affection.
That sage is none other Tripuraneni Hanuman Choudary.
You can see me with this sage here.

Tripuraneni Hanuman Choudary
The Sage

Footnote:
I
am privileged to have received both the albums – one of Kaviraju Tripuraneni Ramaswamy and the other of Tripuraneni Gopichand.
An other unique distinction bestowed upon me.

‘Kaviraju’ Tripuraneni Ramaswamy

‘Kaviraju’ Tripuranaeni Ramaswamy
and his
signature in Telugu

This is a copy of the mansucript of ‘KAVIRAJU’ Tripuraneni Ramaswamy.
A social reformer who denied his name to be ‘tagged’ with a word that announces to the wrold, the caste that he was born into, that was not his choice.

You would notice that it is signed in 1924.

Long before most of us were born!

Here is ‘Kaviraju’ himself!

This is the original 16 anna’s Telugu poet, Social Reformer’s signature in his own mother tongue and by his hand available at the Vetapalem library’s (Vetapalem Saraswathanikethan)visitor’s book dated the Twnenty nineth, February, One nine two four!

Now what do you have to say..?

Who is this ‘Kaviraju’ Tripuraneni Ramaswamy?

KAVIRAJUTRIPURANENI RAMASWAMY

At the dawn of 19th century a reassessment of the existing cultural values began in India and stalwarts like Ram Mohan Roy, Eswara Chandra Vidya Sagar, Ranade, Dayananda Saraswathi were pioneers of the renaissance movement. In Andhra area K. Veeresalingam, Gurazada Appa Rao and others took it up. Tripuraneni Ramaswamy had been a worthy successor of the great reformers who undertook the task and strove for the spread of new ideas among Telugu speaking people.

Tripuraneni Ramaswamy was born on 15-01-1887 in Anagaluru village in the Krishna District of the present day Andhra Pradesh in a family of Agriculturists. Ramaswamy grew up in an agricultural background, but tempered by literary refinement. At the age of 23 he passed Matriculation Examination and in the same year he wrote two plays “Karempudi Kadanam” based on Palanadu battle and also “Kurukshetra Sangramam” based on Mahabharatha war. He joined the Noble College at Bandar in 1911 to study for Intermediate Course. In those years he displayed his literary skill and prodigious memory in his Avadhanam.

In 1914, he went to Britain and studied law in Dublin. There he studied not only law but also the vast English Literature and the modern European culture. After returning to India he practiced law for some years mostly in Tenali town. But his main activity was directed towards social reform. He launched a full scale attack on the caste system and the social injustice which were propagated by Smritis and Puranas and the institutionalized religion. He led the fight against social inequality and inequity.

He chose literary writing as the vehicle for expressing his rationalistic thought for the awakening of his people. His famous work SUTAPURANAMM’ in four cantos was a fierce attack on ancient Puranas which were powerful instruments to spread unquestioning faith among the people in custom, tradition, caste system. His inimitable logic and wide range of knowledge displayed in his works is amazing. His poetic work Kuppuswamymy Satakam” reveals the theme of Social Revolution and tells many home truths about social evils, blind faith and indignity to man. In this work he blazed the train which Vemana centuries back heralded.

In all his other works such as ‘SAMBHUKAVADHA”, “SUTHASHRAMA GEETHAALU’, ‘DHOORTHA MAANAVA’, ‘KHOONI’, ‘BHAGAVADGITA’, ‘RANA PRATAP’, ‘KONDAVEETI PATHANAM’, he made a rational analysis of dogmas prescribed by ancient classics and the injustice done to people belonging to lower social order and attacked all the discriminating standards advocated by the Smritis. He was a fighter for the upliftment of the down trodden and the hapless.

Ramaswamy not only expressed his ideas in literature, he tried to put them into practice. He was against the cumbersome procedure of Hindu marriage resulting in unnecessary expenditure. He prepared a simple procedure in Telugu called,’Vivaha Vidhi”, himself officiated as priest and conducted many marriages. When he was the Chairman of Tenali Municipality he did not permit animal sacrifice to appease Devatas. He fought against the Scourge of untouchability. He was reformer in thought and in practice.

Ramaswamy was an ardent patriot even when he was a student, he wrote a patriotic play “RANA PRATAP”, which was proscribed by the British government. When he was studying law at Dublin he wrote to Krishna Patrika, a Telugu weekly appealing to Indians to support the Home Rule movement stared by Annie Beasant. He pleaded for India’s independence. Ramaswamy wrote many patriotic songs inspiring the people to great heights of sacrifice during the independence movement.

He was an ardent lover of Telugu language and culture and was proud of their history. He was an educationist and was a member of the senate of the Andhra University for three terms. He was recipient of many honors and was popularly known as ‘KAVIRAJU’, a title conferred on him.

This great revolutionary thinker and poet died in 1943 but left his imprint on the development of rational thought among Telugu speaking people.

His eldest son Tripuraneni Gopichand had left his own indelible mark on the telugu literature.

Ramaswamy’s eldest daughter Sarojini Devi married Subba Rao Kanumilli, an officer of Indian Administration Services known for his ethical standards.

Gokulchand Tripuraneni has contributed his literary might to the telugu literature. One of his most famous and outstanding works is in the form of a drama, reflecting the drought of Bengal in the 1950s.

Pitcheswara Rao Atluri, a Royal Indian Navy mutineer, during the Indian Freedom movement, married Ramaswamy’s youngest daughter Chouda Rani. She is perhaps the first woman, to run a bookstore exclusively in Telugu language in Tamilnadu the land of Tamils, in the peninsular India. She too contributed to the telugu literature in her own way. She passed away in 1996.

“Kaviraju” presents himself !

Now that he is here..
Mr.Tripuraneni RAMASWAMY‘.
..you may present your case.
What would you like to say to him.
(for those of you who joined just now..please update yourselves with the previous post)
Thank you!

Tripuraneni Ramaswamy signed thus..

You see that signature right there! It is in English. For the visually unimpaired it is quite obvious that there are two words, the first one being the English letter T and the second word reads Ramaswamy. Do you see any other word there?

No.
OK!

This is presumably the signature of Tripuraneni Ramaswamy, a social reformer first, one who fought the rampant caste system of his days and shunned using word appendages trailing one’s name denoting the caste he is born into, a fierce Telugu nationalist, a patriot and a poet, who chose the pen to kindle the rational lights in the minds of people.

This signature tells me that he did not use the words either ‘Choudhury‘ to help be recognized that he is a ‘KAMMA‘, a caste that he is born into.

Is it then not a fact that some of these individuals are tarnishing this fierce fighter’s causes that he held dear to his heart, attributing their mean thoughts to him, to his opinions, to his thoughts and to his deeds and making a mockery of all that he stood for and fought all of his life for them?

I ask them.

Who gave you that right dammit?

To call him Tripuraneni Ramaswamy CHOUDARY, when he is a simple Tripuraneni Ramaswamy?

Tell me?

“There is no such thing as public opinion. There is only published opinion”.
Winston Churchill